Organisé par : Kie Zuraw (UCLA)
What do we know about our language’s sound pattern, and how do we know it? This course will begin with a quick overview of characteristics of sound patterns that linguists have noticed (alternations and phonotactics), and of the approach to explanatory adequacy that will be adopted here. We will then look at research that has sought to determine what phonological generalizations speakers extract from the learning data, and follow the consequences of these findings for achieving a descriptively adequate grammatical framework (that is, a framework that can express speakers’ implicit phonological knowledge): basic rule notation, features, and constraint interaction. Next we will consider why determining what speakers know is so difficult, and review a range of methods that have been tried. Finally, we will examine some recent work that moves towards explanatory adequacy—what kind of learner can, on exposure to typical learning data, choose a grammar similar to the one that human learners choose?
Kie Zuraw (UCLA)