Organisé par : Tobias Scheer (univ. Nice)
Phonological computation works on information that comes from two sources: the lexicon and morpho-syntax (plus eventually semantics). Since the earliest generative models, the latter is represented by diacritics (SPE-type boundaries such as #, later on the Prosodic Hierarchy); also, it reaches phonology through a channel that is different from the lexicon: the readjustment component in SPE, mapping rules in Prosodic Phonology. On the grounds of some historical background information regarding interface theory and the modular environment, the purpose of this class is to show that the two pillars of the classical system are unwarranted: 1) there is only one channel for the input of data into the phonology: the lexicon (an idea of M. Starke), and 2) only truly phonological objects (i.e. which exist in the phonology independently of issues related to the interface) can carry morpho-syntactic information: the transmission is direct, not through a diacritic buffer.
Finally, currently entertained phonological theories are evaluated according to these principles. Namely, the status of OT regarding modularity is discussed.
Prerequisites: It will be useful, but not strictly necessary, to know about modularity, SPE, Lexical Phonology and Prosodic Phonology.
1. a number of papers and books (much of what is quoted in item no4 below) at the little interface library.
2. Scheer, Tobias in press. Why the Prosodic Hierarchy is a diacritic and why the Interface must be Direct.
3. Scheer, Tobias 2007. (Direct) Interface without Big Brothers. Handout.
4. Scheer, Tobias 2006. How non-phonological information is processed in phonology - a historical survey from Trubetzkoy to OT and Distributed Morphology. Handout from EGG 06.
Tobias Scheer (univ. Nice)