Organisé par : Kyle Johnson (University of Massachusetts Amherst)
We will examine ways of expressing a theory of movement that captures its semantics, especially how it controls the scope of quantification and bound variable anaphora. One class of examples of special interest are those in which a moved phrase is contains a quantificational term, or a bound variable, that is interpreted in a position different from the position where the moved phrase is spoken. We will examine one kind of account for these cases that posits "copies" of the moved phrase in the positions that movement targets. There are presently a family of ways of expressing the syntax/semantics interface that make use of copies and capture the semantic effects correctly. These accounts, however, do not have a working characterization of what a copy is. I will examine a way of putting these accounts together with an analysis of "copies" that exploits multidominant phrase markers.
Prerequisites: No specialized background is required. A general knowledge of transformational grammar will be presupposed.
References Some relevant references:
Kayne, Richard S. 1994. The antisymmetry of syntax. Cambridge, Massachusetts: M.I.T. Press.
Fox, Danny. 2002. Antecedent-contained deletion and the copy theory of movement. Linguistic Inquiry 33:6396.
Nunes, Jairo. 2004. Linearization of chains and sideward movement, volume 43. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Kyle Johnson (University of Massachusetts Amherst)